Top 10 Smartest Dog Breeds In The World
Published May 22, 2016
Which dog breed is the most intelligent? Although most dog owners probably think their dog i the smartest in the world, there are actually some science made on the intelligence of different dog breeds. One of the biggest studies was made by the psychology professor Stanley Coren and published in his book The Intelligence of Dogs. The study was based on answers from dog sport judges in the United States and Canada about how well dogs from different kennel clubs performed in obedience trials. A list of the smartest dog breeds was then compiled, mostly based on how well different dog breeds could learn new commands. Here are the world's Top 10 Smartest Dog Breeds In The World. Just remember, that this is not a list of which dogs that are best suited as pets.
10. Australian Cattle Dog
The Australian cattle dog is a herding dog, bred in Australia in the 1840s by crossing collie with dingo. The result was a tough dog that could withstand heat and who herded by nipping the cattle at the heels. Like all dogs on this list, the Australian cattle dog is very intelligent and easily trained. It is a working dog that needs lots of stimulation not to get bored, or else it comes up with its own acitivities that might not always be appreciated by their owner.
The Rottweiler is a working breed often used as guard or military dogs. It is also quite common as a pet dog. The breed is very kind and good-natured but has an undeserved reputation of being unreliable, something that in most cases is due to irresponsible ownership. A Rottweiler needs to work a lot and needs to get tired in both head and body to be able to relax. The breed is a quick learner and obedient, but might require a firm and experienced owner since it is so brave and strong.
The papillon - also known as the continental toy spaniel - is probably this list's surprise, since many seem to think small dogs are more stupid than big dogs. The papillon is a toy dog with a lot of energy and large ears (papillon means butterfly in French). It adapts easily and always wants to be part of the action. The papillon very often becomes a great pet dog since it is so affectionate and loyal. Like all dogs it needs a lot of excercise and many papillons compete succesfully in dog sports such as agility, obedience and tracking.
7. Labrador Retriever
The Labrador retriever - also simply known as the Labrador - has in later years become one of the most popular breeds in such countries as the United States, the United Kingdom and Sweden. This is largely because it is so gentle, social and easily trained. Labradors are fundamentally hunting dogs who like to cooperate and love to swim. They like very much to oblige and to carry different items. They need to get meningful tasks to perform, such as tracking or fetching. The Labrador retriever's characteristics makes it a common guide dog and detection dog. Most Labradors like to eat and easily puts on a few extra pounds if not supervised.
6. Shetland Sheepdog
The Shetland sheepdog originates, as the name implies, from the Shetland Islands. The dog breed looked more like a small border collie in the beginning, but was in the beginning of the 20th century cross-bred with collies to become more attractive. The Shetland sheepdog is a versatile dog that fits most owners. It is obedient, alert, agile and likes to work, characteristics which often makes it perform well in the dog sport of agility.
5. Doberman Pinscher
The Doberman pinscher - or simply the Doberman(n) - is a big, strong and active dog that fundamentally is a working dog. It has a big will to hunt, which it needs to vent, otherwise it becomes restless and gets into mischief. Despite its imposing appearance the Doberman is happy, good with kids and likes to play. It is very willing to work and is often used by police, security guards and emergency services.
4. Golden Retriever
The golden retriever is a very common pet dog and has for long been the typical choice for a family with children. A characteristic trait of the golden retriever is that it is nice to everyone, even total strangers. It is therefore not the best guard dog, but it is on the other hand well suited as a guide dog or a detection dog. As the name implies the golden retriever was bred to fetch shot game to hunters, and many goldens are excellent hunting companions. They like to swim and love to work, and are at the same time patient with small children and rowdy cats.
3. German Shepherd
Number three on the list of the most intelligent dogs in the world is the the German shepherd. The German shepherd is classified as a herding dog, and is common as both pet dogs and working dogs. It is very intelligent and versatile, and often "employed" by the police. A German shepherd likes to cooperate and is most of the time brave, confident and curious. Unlike for example the golden retriever, it can be a bit reserved towards strangers, but is at the same time very loyal to its owner.
The second smartest dog in the world is the popular poodle. The poodle is a sporty and playful dog that is easily recognized by its curly and water-repellent hair. The dog breed has long been known for its intelligence and is used for everything from exhibitions to work activities. However, it is most common as a family pet dog, something it is very suitable for. It is happy and social and likes to be in the centre of things. It can learn new tricks relatively fast and is better than other breeds at walking on its hind legs. The photo shows a toy poodle who has avoided the typical lion haircut.
1. Border Collie
The smartest dog breed in the world can learn over 1,000 words, according to an article in New Scientist, but is not always a good family dog. The border collie is a herding dog that has been around for centuries in England and Scotland, helping farmers maintain their cattle. It has in later years become increasingly common as a family dog, but since the breed is a distinct working dog it demands a great deal of undertaking and attention. Besides daily excercise and training a border collie needs a lot of mental stimulation. If not given a task to perform it comes up with one itself, which can very well be digging a hole in the garden, chewing furniture or chasing cars.